My academic research focuses on the communication of affection in personal relationships and its consequences for physical and mental health.

A current copy of my CV is available here.

I have compiled a fairly comprehensive bibliography of research on affection and affectionate communication, which is available here.


Affectionate Communication Index



Trait Affection Scale











Affection Deprivation Scale





These are my journal articles and some of my book chapters. You can download most of the papers by clicking on their titles.*


Floyd, K., York, C., & Ray, C. D. (in press). Heritability of affectionate communication: A twins studyCommunication Monographs.

Hesse, C., Floyd, K., Rains, S. A., Mikkelson, A. C., Pauley, P. M., Woo, N. T., Custer, B. E., & Duncan, K. L. (in press). Affectionate communication and health: A meta-analysisCommunication Monographs.

van Raalte, L. J., & Floyd, K. (in press). Daily hugging predicts lower levels of two proinflammatory cytokinesWestern Journal of Communication.

van Raalte, L. J., Floyd, K., & Mongeau, P. A. (in press). The effect of cuddling on relational quality for cohabiting married couples: A longitudinal investigation. Western Journal of Communication.

Ray, C., Floyd, K., Tietsort, C., Veluscek, A. M., Otmar, C. D., Hashi, E. C., & Fisher, R. (in press). Mixed messages: I. The consequences of communicative negative statements within emotional support messages to cancer patientsJournal of Patient Experience.

Ray, C., Harvey, J., Floyd, K., Bonito, J. A., & Reblin, M. (in press). Mixed messages: II. Outcomes associated with the proportion and placement of negative statements in support messages. Health Communication.


Ray, C., Floyd, K., Mongeau, P. A., & Randall, A. K. (in press). Success bias and inflation bias after planning and communicating emotional supportJournal of Cancer Education.


Floyd, K., & Woo, N. T. (2020). Loneliness and social monitoring: A conceptual replication of Knowles et alPersonal Relationships, 27, 209-223.


Floyd, K., Generous, M. A., & Clark, L. (2019). Nonverbal affiliation by physician assistant students during simulated clinical examinations: Genotypic effectsWestern Journal of Communication, 83, 286-303.

Floyd, K., Matheny, R., Dinsmore, D. R., Custer, B. E., & Woo, N. T. (2019). "If you disagree, unfriend me now": Exploring the phenomenon of invited unfriending. American Journal of Applied Psychology, 7, 20-29.

Hesse, C., & Floyd, K. (2019). Affection substitution: The effect of pornography consumption on close relationshipsJournal of Social and Personal Relationships, 36, 3887-3907.

Ray, C., Floyd, K., Mongeau, P. A., Mark, L., Shufford, K. N., & Niess, L. C. (2019). Planning improves vocal fluency and the appearance of concern when communicating emotional supportCommunication Research Reports, 36, 57-66.

Floyd, K., & Brandley, B. (2019). Affection. In J. J. Ponzetti, M. Blankemeyer, S. Horan, H. Lyons, & A. Shigeto (Eds.), Macmillan encyclopedia of intimate and family relationships: An interdisciplinary approach (pp. 17-20). Farmington Hills, MI: Macmillan.


Floyd, K., Pauley, P. M., Hesse, C., Eden, J., Veksler, A. E., & Woo, N. T. (2018). Supportive communication is associated with markers of immunocompetenceSouthern Communication Journal, 83, 229-244.

Floyd, K., Ray, C. D., van Raalte, L. J., Stein, J. B., & Generous, M. A. (2018). Interpersonal touch buffers pain sensitivity in romantic relationships but heightens sensitivity between strangers and friendsResearch in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 6, 27-34.


Floyd, K., & Ray, C. D. (2017). Thanks, but no thanks: Negotiating face threats when rejecting offers of unwanted social supportJournal of Social and Personal Relationships, 34, 1260-1276.

Floyd, K., & Hesse, C. (2017). Affection deprivation is conceptually and empirically distinct from lonelinessWestern Journal of Communication, 81, 446-465.

Floyd, K., Veksler, A. E., McEwan, B., Hesse, C., Boren, J. P., Dinsmore, D. R., & Pavlich, C. A. (2017). Social inclusion predicts lower blood glucose and low-density lipoproteins in healthy adults. Health Communication, 32, 1039-1042.

Floyd, K., Generous, M. A., Clark, L., McLeod, I., & Simon, A. (2017). Cumulative risk on the oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) predicts empathic communication by physician assistant studentsHealth Communication, 32, 1210-1216.

Floyd, K. (2017). Loneliness corresponds with politically conservative thought. Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 5, 13-21. 

Mansson, D. H., Floyd, K., & Soliz, J. (2017). Affectionate communication is associated with emotional and relational resources in the grandparent-grandchild relationshipJournal of Intergenerational Relationships, 15, 85-103.

Floyd, K., Pavlich, C. A., & Dinsmore, D. R. (2017). Physiological measures of wellness and message processing. In R. L. Parrott (Ed.), Oxford encyclopedia of health and risk message design and processing (pp. 1-27). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.


Floyd K. (2016). Affection deprivation is associated with physical pain and poor sleep quality. Communication Studies, 67, 379-398.


Floyd, K., & Ray, C. D. (2016). The biology of affection. In J. Nussbaum (Ed.), Oxford research encyclopedia of communication (pp. 1-21). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 

Menegatos, L., Lederman, L., & Floyd, K. (2016). When parents talk about college drinking: An examination of content, frequency, and associations with students' dangerous drinkingHealth Communication, 31, 287-298.


Floyd, K., & Denes, A. (2015). Attachment security and oxytocin receptor gene polymorphism interact to influence affectionate communication. Communication Quarterly, 63, 272-285.


Pauley, P. M., Floyd, K., & Hesse, C. (2015). The stress-buffering effects of a brief dyadic interaction before an acute stressor. Health Communication, 30, 646-659.


Floyd, K., Generous, M. A., Clark, L., Simon, A., & McLeod, I. (2015). Empathy by physician assistant students: Evidence of an inflation biasJournal of Physician Assistant Education, 26, 94-98.

Afifi, T. D., & Floyd, K. (2015). Communication, biology, and physiology: An introduction to the special issueCommunication Monographs, 82, 1-3.

Veksler, A. E., & Floyd, K. (2015). Helping students through expressive writing: Effects of different types of writing instructions on break-up related distress, global perceived stress, and self-esteemJournal of the Communication, Speech, and Theater Association of North Dakota, 27, 31-44.


Floyd, K. (2014). Relational and health correlates of affection deprivation. Western Journal of Communication, 78, 383-403.

Floyd, K. (2014). Empathic listening as an expression of interpersonal affection. International Journal of Listening, 28, 1-12.

Floyd, K., Hesse, C., Boren, J. P., & Veksler, A. E. (2014).  Affectionate communication can suppress immunity: Trait affection predicts antibodies to latent Epstein-Barr virus.  Southern Communication Journal, 79, 2-13.

Floyd, K. (2014). Humans are people, too: Nurturing an appreciation for nature in communication research. Review of Communication Research, 2, 1-29.


Floyd, K. (2014). Taking stock of research practices: A call for self-reflectionCommunication Monographs, 81, 1-3.

Floyd, K. (2014). Interpersonal communication's peculiar identity crisisCommunication Studies, 65, 429-431.


Hesse, C., Floyd, K., Frye-Cox, N., & Rauscher, E. A. (2013). Alexithymia and impairment of decoding positive affect: An fMRI study. Journal of Communication, 63, 786-806.



Floyd, K. (2011). Endocrinology in communication research. Communication Research Reports, 28, 369-372.

Hesse, C., & Floyd, K.  (2011).  The impact of alexithymia on initial interactions.  Personal Relationships, 18, 453-470.

Hesse, C., & Floyd, K.  (2011).  Affection mediates the impact of alexithymia on relationships.  Personality and Individual Differences, 50, 451-456.

Mikkelson, A. C., Floyd, K., & Pauley, P. M.  (2011).  Differential solicitude of social support in different types of adult sibling relationships.  Journal of Family Communication, 11, 220-236.


Pauley, P. M., Morman, M. T., & Floyd, K. (2011). Expressive writing improves subjective health among testicular cancer survivors: A randomized, controlled trialInternational Journal of Men's Health, 10, 199-219.


Floyd, K., Pauley, P. M., & Hesse, C. (2010).  State and trait affectionate communication buffer adults’ stress reactions.  Communication Monographs, 77, 618-636.


Floyd, K., Boren, J. P., Hannawa, A. F., Hesse, C., McEwan, B., & Veksler, A. E.  (2009).  Kissing in marital and cohabiting relationships:  Effects on blood lipids, stress, and relationship satisfaction.  Western Journal of Communication, 73, 113-133.


Floyd, K., & Riforgiate, S.  (2008).  Affectionate communication received from spouses predicts stress hormone levels in healthy adults.  Communication Monographs, 75, 351-368.

Hesse, C, & Floyd, K.  (2008).  Affectionate experience partially mediates the effects of alexithymia on mental health and interpersonal relationships.  Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 25, 793-810.


Floyd, K., Mikkelson, A. C., Tafoya, M. A., Farinelli, L., La Valley, A. G., Judd, J., Haynes, M. T., Davis, K. L., & Wilson, J.  (2007).  Human affection exchange:  XIII.  Affectionate communication accelerates neuroendocrine stress recovery.  Health Communication, 22, 123-132.

Floyd, K., Mikkelson, A. C., Hesse, C., & Pauley, P. M.  (2007).  Affectionate writing reduces total cholesterol:  Two randomized, controlled trials.  Human Communication Research, 33, 119-142.

Floyd, K., Hesse, C., & Haynes, M. T.  (2007).  Human affection exchange:  XV.  Metabolic and cardiovascular correlates of trait expressed affection.  Communication Quarterly, 55, 79-94.

Floyd, K., Mikkelson, A. C., Tafoya, M. A., Farinelli, L., La Valley, A. G. Judd, J., Davis, K. L., Haynes, M. T., & Wilson, J.  (2007).  Human affection exchange:  XIV.  Relational affection predicts resting heart rate and free cortisol secretion during acute stress.  Behavioral Medicine, 32, 151-156.


Floyd, K. (2007). An introduction to the new volumeJournal of Family Communication, 7, 1.


Ray, G. B., & Floyd, K.  (2006).  Nonverbal expressions of liking and disliking in initial interactions:  Encoding and decoding perspectives.  Southern Communication Journal, 71, 45-65.

Floyd, K.  (2006).  Physiology and human relationships:  An introduction to the special issue.  Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 23, 187-188.

Floyd, K.  (2006).  Human affection exchange:  XII.  Affectionate communication is associated with diurnal variation in salivary free cortisol.  Western Journal of Communication, 70, 47-63.


Morman, M. T., & Floyd, K. (2006). Good fathering: Father and son perceptions of what it means to be a good fatherFathering, 4, 113-136.


Floyd, K. (2006). Family communication: Navigating the crossroadsJournal of Family Communication, 6, 1-2/


Floyd, K., Hess, J. A., Miczo, L. A., Halone, K. K., Mikkelson, A. C., & Tusing, K. J.  (2005).  Human affection exchange:  VIII.  Further evidence of the benefits of expressed affection.  Communication Quarterly, 53, 285-303.

Floyd, K., & Morman, M. T.  (2005).  Fathers’ and sons’ reports of fathers’ affectionate communication:  Implications of a naive theory of affection.  Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 22, 99-109.


Floyd, K., & Haynes, M. T. (2005). Applications of the theory of natural selection to the study of family communicationJournal of Family Communication, 5, 79-101.


Floyd, K.  (2004).  An introduction to the uses and potential uses of physiological measurement in the study of family communication.  Journal of Family Communication, 4, 295-318.

Erbert, L. A., & Floyd, K.  (2004).  Affectionate expressions as face-threatening acts:  Receiver assessments.  Communication Studies, 55, 230-246.

Floyd, K., Sargent, J. E., & Di Corcia, M.  (2004).  Human affection exchange:  VI.  Further tests of reproductive probability as a predictor of men’s affection with their fathers and their sons.  Journal of Social Psychology, 144, 191-206.


Floyd, K., & Mikkelson, A. C.  (2003).  Effects of brain laterality on decoding accuracy for facial displays of emotion.  Communication Quarterly, 51, 419-437.

Floyd, K., & Morr, M. C.  (2003).  Human affection exchange:  VII.  Affectionate communication in the sibling/spouse/sibling-in-law triad.  Communication Quarterly, 51, 247-261.

Floyd, K., & Morman, M. T.  (2003).  Human affection exchange:  II.  Affectionate communication in father-son relationships.  Journal of Social Psychology, 143, 599-612.

Floyd, K., & Erbert, L. A. (2003).  Relational message interpretations of nonverbal matching behavior: An application of the social meaning model. Journal of Social Psychology, 143, 581-597.

Floyd, K., & Ray, G. B.  (2003).  Human affection exchange:  IV.  Vocalic predictors of perceived affection in initial interactions.  Western Journal of Communication, 67, 56-73.


Floyd, K.  (2002).  Human affection exchange:  V.  Attributes of the highly affectionate.  Communication Quarterly, 50, 135-154.

Morman, M. T., & Floyd, K.  (2002).  A “changing culture of fatherhood”:  Effects on closeness, affection, and satisfaction in men’s relationships with their fathers and their sons.  Western Journal of Communication, 66, 395-411.


Floyd, K., & Morman, M. T.  (2001).  Human affection exchange:  III.  Discriminative parental solicitude in men’s affectionate communication with their biological and nonbiological sons.  Communication Quarterly, 49, 310-327.


Burgoon, J. K., Buller, D. B., & Floyd, K. (2001). Does participation affect deception success? A test of the interactivity principleHuman Communication Research, 27, 503-534.

Floyd, K.  (2001).  Human affection exchange:  I.  Reproductive probability as a predictor of men’s affection with their sons.  Journal of Men’s Studies, 10, 39-50.


Floyd, K., & Morman, M. T.  (2000).  Affection received from fathers as a predictor of men’s affection with their own sons:  Tests of the modeling and compensation hypotheses.  Communication Monographs, 67, 347-361.

Floyd, K.  (2000).  Attributions for nonverbal expressions of liking and disliking:  The extended self-serving bias.  Western Journal of Communication, 64, 385-404.


Burgoon, J. K., & Floyd, K. (2000). Testing the motivation impairment effect during deceptive and truthful interactionWestern Journal of Communication, 64, 243-267.

Floyd, K.  (2000).  Affectionate same-sex touch:  The influence of homophobia on observers’ perceptions.  Journal of Social Psychology, 140, 774-788.

Floyd, K., & Morman, M. T.  (2000).  Reacting to the verbal expression of affection in same-sex interaction.  Southern Communication Journal, 65, 287-299.


Floyd, K., & Burgoon, J. K.  (1999).  Reacting to nonverbal expressions of liking:  A test of interaction adaptation theory.  Communication Monographs, 66, 219-239.

Floyd, K., & Voloudakis, M.  (1999).  Affectionate behavior in adult platonic friendships:  Interpreting and evaluating expectancy violations.  Human Communication Research, 25, 341-369.

Floyd, K., & Voloudakis, M.  (1999).  Attributions for expectancy-violating changes in affectionate behavior in platonic friendships.  Journal of Psychology, 133, 32-48.

Morman, M. T., & Floyd, K. (1999). Affectionate communication between fathers and young adult sons: Individual- and relational-level correlates. Communication Studies, 50, 294-309.

Floyd, K. (1999). All touches are not created equal: Effects of form and duration on observers' perceptions of an embraceJournal of Nonverbal Behavior, 23, 283-299.

Floyd, K. (1999). To match or not to match: Effects of behavioral congruence on interpersonal connectednessJournal of Social Psychology, 139, 309-322.


Floyd, K., & Morman, M. T.  (1998).  The measurement of affectionate communication.  Communication Quarterly, 46, 144-162.

Morman, M. T., & Floyd, K.  (1998).  “I love you, man”:  Overt expressions of affection in male-male interaction.  Sex Roles, 38, 871-881.


Floyd, K. (1998). Intimacy as a research construct: A content-analytic review. Representative Research in Social Psychology, 22, 28-32.


Floyd, K.  (1997).  Communicating affection in dyadic relationships:  An assessment of behavior and expectancies.  Communication Quarterly, 45, 68-80.

Floyd, K. (1997). Knowing when to say "I love you": An expectancy approach to affectionate communicationCommunication Research Reports, 14, 321-330.

Floyd, K., & Morman, M. T.  (1997).  Affectionate communication in nonromantic relationships:  Influences of communicator, relational, and contextual factors.  Western Journal of Communication, 61, 279-298.

Floyd, K.  (1997).  Brotherly love II:  A developmental perspective on liking, love, and closeness in the fraternal dyad.  Journal of Family Psychology, 11, 196-209.

Manusov, V., Floyd, K., & Kerssen-Griep, J. (1997). Yours, mine, and ours: Mutual attributions for nonverbal behaviors in couples' interactionsCommunication Research, 24, 234-260.



Floyd, K. (1996). Brotherly love I: The experience of closeness in the fraternal dyadPersonal Relationships, 3, 369-385.

Parks, M. R., & Floyd, K. (1996). Making friends in cyberspaceJournal of Communication, 46, 80-97.

Floyd, K. (1996). Communicating closeness among siblings: An application of the gendered closeness perspectiveCommunication Research Reports, 13, 27-34.

Parks, M. R., & Floyd, K. (1996). Meanings for closeness and intimacy in friendshipJournal of Social and Personal Relationships, 13, 85-107.

Burgoon, J. K., Buller, D. B., Floyd, K., & Grandpre, J. (1996). Deceptive realities: Sender, receiver, and observer perspectives in deceptive communicationCommunication Research, 23, 724-748.


Floyd, K., & Parks, M. R. (1995). Manifesting closeness in the interactions of peers: A look at siblings and friends. Communication Reports, 8, 69-76.

Floyd, K. (1995). Gender and closeness among friends and siblings. Journal of Psychology, 129, 193-202.


Floyd, K. (1994). Perceptions of gender similarities and differences of fifth-grade studentsPsychological Reports, 74, 689-690.



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 © 2016 by Kory Floyd, PhD